The Utah Constitution assigns legislative power to a part-time citizen legislature that meets each year, beginning on the fourth Monday in January and ending in mid-March. When the legislative session adjourns, senators return to their homes, families, and regular occupation, to live under the laws they created.
To become a Utah State Senator you must be citizen of the United States, a resident of the state of Utah for three years, at least 25 years old, a resident of the district from which you are elected for six months, and be a qualified voter in that district.
Senators are elected to four-year terms, with roughly half the senate standing for election every two years.
The Utah Senate currently consists of twenty-four men and five women. Occupations include attorneys, businessmen, businesswomen, bankers, educators, an engineer, CPAs, homemakers, a pharmacist, a nurse, a doctor, a dentist, an orthodontist, an art-dealer and former university president. Seven of the 29 senators served in the House of Representatives prior to being elected to the Senate.
The political makeup of the Utah State Senate is about 80 percent Republican and 20 percent Democrat.